Thermal stress analysis and structural optimization of ladle nozzle based on finite element simulation

Zichao Rong, Jianhong Yi, Fengxian Li, Yichun Liu, Jürgen Eckert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number045601
JournalMaterials Research Express
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • finite elements
  • refractory
  • simulation
  • structural optimization

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