Processing Conditions of a Medical Grade Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) with the Arburg Plastic Freeforming Additive Manufacturing Process

Lukas Hentschel, Frank Kynast, Sandra Petersmann, Clemens Holzer, Joamin Gonzalez-Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The Arburg Plastic Freeforming process (APF) is a unique additive manufacturing material jetting method. In APF, a thermoplastic material is supplied as pellets, melted and selectively deposited as droplets, enabling the use of commercial materials in their original shape instead of filaments. The medical industry could significantly benefit from the use of additive manufacturing for the onsite fabrication of customized medical aids and therapeutic devices in a fast and economical way. In the medical field, the utilized materials need to be certified for such applications and cannot be altered in any way to make them printable, because modifications annul the certification. Therefore, it is necessary to modify the processing conditions rather than the materials for successful printing. In this research, a medical-grade poly(methyl methacrylate) was analyzed. The deposition parameters were kept constant, while the drop aspect ratio, discharge rate, melt temperatures, and build chamber temperature were varied to obtain specimens with different geometrical accuracy. Once satisfactory geometrical accuracy was obtained, tensile properties of specimens printed individually or in batches of five were tested in two different orientations. It was found that parts printed individually with an XY orientation showed the highest tensile properties; however, there is still room for improvement by optimizing the processing conditions to maximize the mechanical strength of printed specimens.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2677
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPolymers
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Additive Manufacturing
  • melt deposition
  • medical applications
  • PMMA
  • Melt deposition
  • Poly(methyl methacrylate)
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Medical applications

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