Mining and Europe’s World Heritage Cultural Landscapes

Michael Tost, Gloria Ammerer, Alicja Kot‐Niewiadomska, Katharina Gugerell

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4 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the four cases of World Heritage protected cultural landscapes in Europe that are characterized by mining in order to identify the role mining plays today in such cultural landscapes, the legal requirements for their protection, and also the exploration and exploitation in these areas and the differences that exist between the five European countries concerned. Using a qualitative comparative case study approach, the authors find that active mining is taking place in the Austrian case, and exploration is happening adjacent to the German/Czech protected cultural landscape. The legal protection of the cases is mainly based on heritage and monument protection legislation as well as environment protection legislation including the Natura 2000 network. Differences exist, as other than in Germany, exploration and mining could be allowed in protected areas, which is also contrary to the position of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, and the International Council on Mining and Metals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
Number of pages16
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2021

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