Mechanism of low temperature deformation in aluminium alloys

Belinda Gruber, Irmgard Weißensteiner, Thomas Kremmer, Florian Grabner, Georg Falkinger, Alexander Schökel, Florian Spieckermann, Robin Schäublin, Peter Uggowitzer, Stefan Pogatscher

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates differences in the deformation mechanisms between room temperature (296 K) and cryogenic temperatures (77 K) and their advantages for low temperature formability in alloys EN AW 1085, EN AW 5182 and EN AW 6016. Compared to room temperature behaviour, tensile tests showed an overall increase in yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and uniform elongation with differences among the principal alloy types. In general, the improved mechanical properties result from higher strain hardening rates at lower temperatures. The application of an extended Kocks-Mecking approach showed a significant reduction of the dynamic recovery and suggested higher dislocation densities upon cryogenic deformation. This was confirmed via in-situ synchrotron experiments, which also reveal a higher proportion of screw dislocations. Moreover, kernel average misorientation maps from electron backscattered diffraction and in-situ cryogenic deformation in a transmission electron microscope displayed a more uniform dislocation arrangement with a reduction of slip lines and less highly misaligned areas after deformation at lower temperatures. Supported by a detailed characterization of the microstructure and its dislocation structure, the associated fundamental mechanisms we reveal, which are at the origin of the exceptional improvement in mechanical properties, are extensively discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139935
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials science and engineering: A, Structural materials: properties, microstructure and processing
Issue number795
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2020

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  • Aluminium alloys
  • Cryogenic temperature
  • Dislocation density
  • In-situ TEM
  • Synchrotron radiation

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