Fluid Inclusions in Magnesites of Brumado Deposit, Bahia, Brazil

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis


Abstract Fluid inclusions in magnesites were investigated from two active mines as well as from two magnesite prospects from Brumado deposit, Bahia, Brazil. The deposit lies in the Serra das Éguas, a mountain range in an Archean greenstone belt within the Gaviao block, the oldest of four crustal segments which make up the Sao Francisco Craton in Eastern Brazil. Two different mineralizations could be distinguished. The first consists of red magnesite and light-coloured magnesite at Pedra Preta mine and at Pedra de Ferro prospect, while the second type is composed of white magnesite only currently produced at Pomba mine and prospected for at Pirajá prospect. Mineralogical characterisation included optical microscopy in transferred and reflected light, SEM, Raman spectroscopy, XRF and XRD. Microthermometry and Raman analysis of primary and pseudosecondary fluid inclusions in magnesite showed that these are strongly saline H2O-CO2 fluids. Two populations of fluid inclusions are distinguished. They show different styles of homogenisation (LH2OLCO2VCO2  LH2OVCO2; LH2OLCO2VCO2  LH2OLCO2) which reflect different total densities of the entrapped fluids and correspond to the first and the second mineralization stage, respectively. The fluids have low Na/Br (4.0 – 10.9) and Cl/Br (43.0 – 68.4) values and originated from highly differentiated evaporitic brines which were mobilized during orogenic metamorphism.
Translated title of the contributionFluid Inklusionen in Magnesiten der Lagerstätte Brumado, Bahia, Brasilien
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Montanuniversität
  • Raith, Johann, Supervisor (internal)
  • Majcenovic, Christian, Supervisor (external)
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

embargoed until 01-03-2026


  • Fluid inclusions
  • magnesite
  • Sao Francisco craton
  • Serra das Éguas
  • Brumado deposit

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