Experimental Study of High Temperature Phase Equilibria in the Iron-Rich Part of the Fe-P and Fe-C-P Systems

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During the solidification of steel, phosphorus strongly segregates in the interdendritic liquid phase. In the continuous casting process, even low levels of P may have a detrimental effect on the final product quality. However, phosphorus is partly added up to 0.10 wt pct to improve the mechanical properties of advanced steel grades nowadays, e.g., High-Strength Interstitial-Free (HSIF). To provide new experimental data for the development of thermodynamic databases and solidification models for P alloyed steel grades, phase equilibria in the Fe-P and Fe-C-P key systems were studied up to 1550 °C using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and high temperature laser scanning confocal microscopy (HT-LSCM). Special focus was placed on solid/liquid equilibrium temperatures in the Fe-rich part of the binary Fe-P system between 0.025 and 9 wt pct P. In the ternary system, three isoplethal sections with 0.10 mass pct. P, 0.20 mass pct. C and constant mass percent ratio P/C of 2 were investigated. In the latter section, HT-LSCM observations were linked with DSC signals to optically identify present phase stabilities. Particularly at [pct P] < 1, significant differences between performed measurements and calculated phase equilibrium temperatures using thermodynamic assessments from the literature were identified. In all ternary sections, the experiments indicate less influence of P on the hypo-peritectic range compared to the thermodynamic calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5351-5364
Number of pages14
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2020

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