Evaluation of the Limiting Regime in Iron Ore Fines Reduction with H2-Rich Gases in Fluidized Beds: Fe2O3 to Fe3O4

Johannes Sturn, Severin Voglsam, Bernd Weiss, Johannes Schenk, Franz Winter

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6 Citations (Scopus)


In metallurgical processes, fluidized-bed technology is gaining more importance because of its advantages. Processes with H2-rich and CO-rich reducing gases were developed for the reduction of iron ore fines (e.g. FINEX®). For improvement of these new technologies, greater knowledge about the chemical kinetics of iron ore reduction in fluidized beds is necessary. The scope of this work is to evaluate the limiting regime of the iron ore fines reduction. Therefore, experimental results of reduction tests were compared with theoretically investigated reduction rates. These reduction rates were based on a limitation either of mass transfer through the external gas film to the particle surface, diffusion in a porous product layer (pore diffusion and Knudsen diffusion), diffusion in a dense product layer (solid diffusion) or the phase boundary reaction. The phase boundary reaction was found to be the most likely limiting reaction regime.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-397
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering & Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2009


  • Fluidized beds
  • H-rich gases
  • Iron ore reduction

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