Detection and quantification of blast-induced cracks in small scale bench blasting

Juan Navarro Miguel

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

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In order to understand how the cracks are generated in the surrounding rock during a bench blast, it is important to classify and quantify them. This thesis is developing a 3D model of the cracks generated in small scale blasting tests. By a visualization of the internal crack network it becomes possible to describe how and where the cracks are created. To obtain the 3D model, the blasted specimen is cut into several slices. Then dye-penetrant is applied to the cut surfaces and the crack trace patterns are photographed. Each slice represents a vertical or horizontal cut through the specimen. These trace patterns are then used to create digital 3D models in AutoCAD. From the AutoCAD models trace, angles and lengths can be measured and trace connections between the different levels drawn. Crack families can be identified based on angles, lengths and origin and characteristics in terms of crack density and intersection densities e.g. can be determined. The proposed crack quantification method and the results obtained with it will be combined with the fragmentation and surface roughness results in other projects where model scale blasting was used to verify how crack development from previous blast influences rock fragmentation in subsequent blasts. Results show that if blocks are blasted with different delay time between rows and holes, the longer the delay time, the higher the number of cracks, the more homogenous the distribution of radial cracks around the borehole and the greater damage in the block. In addition, an influence on the number of cracks has been shown, if different delay times are used only in the first row.
Translated title of the contributionQuantifizierung der mittels Sprengungen induzierten Risse
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Montanuniversität
  • Ouchterlony, Finn, Supervisor (internal)
Award date27 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

embargoed until null


  • Crack detection
  • 3D Model

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