Continuous Cooling Transformation Diagrams of 2.25Cr-1Mo-0.25V Submerged-Arc Weld Metal and Base Metal

Hannah Schönmaier, Bernd Loder, Thomas Fischer, Fred Grimm, Ronny Krein, Martin Schmitz-Niederau, Ronald Schnitzer

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Abstract

The transformation behavior and microstructural evolution during continuous cooling within the heat affected zone between the weld beads of a 2.25Cr-1Mo-0.25V all-weld metal and the corresponding 2.25Cr-1Mo-0.25V base metal were investigated by means of dilatometer measurements, optical and scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, macro-hardness measurements were conducted and the ferrite phase fraction was analyzed from optical microscopic images using an imaging processing program. Thereupon a continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagram for the 2.25Cr-1Mo-0.25V base metal and three welding CCT diagrams with different peak temperatures were constructed to realistically simulate the temperature profile of the different regions within the heat affected zones between the weld beads of the multi-layer weld metal. The microstructural constituents which were observed depending on the peak temperature and cooling parameters are low quantities of martensite, high quantities of bainite and in particular lower bainite, coalesced bainite and upper bainite as well as ferrite for the welding CCT diagrams. Regarding the base metal CCT diagram, all dilatometer specimens exhibited a fully bainitic microstructure consisting of lower bainite, coalesced bainite and upper bainite. Only the slowest cooling rate with a cooling parameter of 50 s caused a ferritic transformation. Nevertheless, it has to be emphasized that the distinction between martensite and bainite and the various kinds of bainite was only possible at higher magnification using scanning electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1055
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalMetals : open access journal
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • 2
  • 25Cr-1Mo-0
  • 25V base metal
  • 25V weld metal
  • CCT diagram
  • dilatometer measurement
  • ferrite phase fraction
  • hardness
  • 2.25Cr-1Mo-0.25V base metal
  • Ferrite phase fraction
  • Hardness
  • 2.25Cr-1Mo-0.25V weld metal
  • Dilatometer measurement

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