A method to characterize asymmetrical three-stage creep of ordinary refractory ceramics and its application for numerical modelling

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During operation, thermomechanical stresses occur in refractory linings. Under elevated stress and temperatures, these ceramics experience primary creep, which can further proceed to the secondary and tertiary creep stages. This necessitates a characterization of their three-stage creep behavior. Hence, two advanced uniaxial tensile and compressive creep testing devices are utilized. The Norton-Bailey creep equations and an inverse identification procedure are applied for the evaluation of the creep curves. To account for the full three-stage creep behavior in thermomechanical modelling activities, a creep-stage transition criterion is identified and subsequently implemented together with the Norton-Bailey creep-strain rate representations in a new developed creep model. The finite element simulation results from different creep testing procedures are in accordance with the corresponding experimental results of a magnesia-chromite refractory ceramic. The study also reveals the temperature-dependent asymmetrical creep behavior of the material in terms of the creep-strain rates and critical creep strains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4384-4393
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2019

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