On the physical properties of volcanic rock masses (Invited)

M. J. Heap, Jean-Luc Got, Jessica Ball, Marlene Villeneuve

Publikation: KonferenzbeitragAbstract/Zusammenfassung


The physical properties (e.g., elastic properties, porosity, permeability, cohesion, strength, amongst others) of volcanic rocks are crucial input parameters for modelling volcanic processes. These parameters, however, are often poorly constrained and there is an apparent disconnect between modellers and those who measure/determine rock and rock mass properties. Although it is well known that laboratory measurements are scale dependent, experimentalists, field volcanologists, and modellers should work together to provide the most appropriate model input parameters. Our pluridisciplinary approach consists of (1) discussing with modellers to better understand their needs, (2) using experimental know-how to build an extensive database of volcanic rock properties, and (3) using geotechnical and field-based volcanological know-how to address scaling issues.
For instance, increasing the lengthscale of interest from the laboratory-scale to the volcano-scale will reduce the elastic modulus and strength and increase permeability, but to what extent? How variable are the physical properties of volcanic rocks, and is it appropriate to assume constant, isotropic, and/or homogeneous values for volcanoes? How do alteration, depth, and temperature influence rock physical and mechanical properties? Is rock type important, or do rock properties such as porosity exert a greater control on such parameters? How do we upscale these laboratory-measured properties to rock mass properties using the “fracturedness” of a volcano or volcanic outcrop, and how do we quantify fracturedness?

We hope to discuss and, where possible, address some of these issues through active discussion between two (or more) scientific communities.
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2017
VeranstaltungAGU Fall Meeting - New Orleans, USA / Vereinigte Staaten
Dauer: 11 Dez. 201715 Dez. 2017


KonferenzAGU Fall Meeting
Land/GebietUSA / Vereinigte Staaten
OrtNew Orleans

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